Infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV) was isolated from diseased fingerling rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri) from a hatchery in West Virginia. Clinical signs, histopathologic findings, and origin of eggs provided a basis for diagnosis, and virus was isolated and presumptively identified by plaque characteristics. Serum neutralization tests provided positive identification of the agent as IHNV, and electron microscopy showed its rhabdovirus morphology. Experimental infections resulted in signs of IHNV and death; test fish had characteristic histopathologic alterations and appropriate virus titers. This is the first completely documented occurrence of IHNV beyond the Pacific Northwest.