Disease data

Koi Herpesvirus Disease

OIE listed diseases
Fish
Viral disease; Herpesvirus; Koi herpesvirus

Summary from the online OIE Diagnostic Manual

To see details of the disease from the online OIE Manual please click here 

Countries affected

Country Year Status View Records
Austria 2015 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Belgium 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Canada 2010 Occurrence limited to certain zones View Records
China (Peoples Rep. of) 2013 Occurrence limited to certain zones View Records
Croatia 2016 Reported in country for the first time View Records
Czech Republic 2010 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Denmark 2012 Reported present or known to be present View Records
France 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Germany 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Hong Kong 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Hungary 2013 Occurrence limited to certain zones View Records
Indonesia 2013 Occurrence limited to certain zones View Records
Iraq 2019 Reported in country for the first time View Records
Ireland 2019 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Israel 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Italy 2018 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Japan 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Korea, Republic of 2013 Pathogen detected, no clinical disease. View Records
Luxembourg 2008 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Malaysia 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Netherlands 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Philippines 2006 Serological evidence and/or isolation of causative agent, no clinical disease View Records
Poland 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Romania 2019 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Singapore 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Slovakia 2020 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Slovenia 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
South Africa 2020 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Spain 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Sri Lanka 2010 Suspected but not confirmed View Records
Sweden 2013 Occurrence limited to certain zones View Records
Taipei China 2013 Pathogen detected, no clinical disease. View Records
Thailand 2012 Occurrence limited to certain zones View Records
United Kingdom 2013 Occurrence limited to certain zones View Records
United States of America 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records

Species affected

Species Disease occurence Abstract
Cyprinus carpio Natural occurrence Koi herpesvirus disease in the United Kingdom/Great Britain
Cyprinus carpio Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2010 (13th edition)
Cyprinus carpio Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2011 (Online)
Cyprinus carpio Natural occurrence Koi herpesvirus disease, South Africa [Immediate notification, 13/02/20]
Cyprinus carpio Natural occurrence Koi herpesvirus disease, Slovakia [Immediate notification 22/09/20]
Cyprinus carpio Unknown Koi herpesvirus disease, Croatia [immediate notification (final report) 10/06/16]
Cyprinus carpio Unknown Koi herpesvirus disease, Slovakia [Immediate notification 20/08/19]
Cyprinus carpio Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2010 (13th edition)
Cyprinus carpio Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2011 (Online)
Cyprinus carpio Natural occurrence Koi herpesvirus disease, South Africa [Immediate notification, 20/07/2020]
Cyprinus carpio Unknown Koi herpesvirus disease, Ireland [Immediate notification 21/06/16 (Final report)]
Cyprinus carpio Unknown Koi herpesvirus disease, Romania [Immediate notification 22/10/19 (Final report)]
Cyprinus carpio goi Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2010 (13th edition)
Cyprinus carpio goi Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2011 (Online)

Countries affected

Country Year Status View Records
Canada 2010 Reported in country for the first time View Records
China (Peoples Rep. of) 2018 See Publication View Records
Czech Republic 2010 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Germany 2006 First detection in region View Records
Hungary 2014 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Indonesia 2018 First detection in region View Records
Iran 2016 First detection in region View Records
Ireland 2011 First detection in region View Records
Israel 2005 Enzootic View Records
Japan 2015 Reported present in specific zones View Records
Korea, Republic of 2011 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Poland 2006 Reported in country for the first time View Records
Taiwan 2011 Reported present or known to be present View Records
United Kingdom 2003 Reported present or known to be present View Records
United States of America 2006 Reported positive year View Records
Vietnam 2016 Reported present or known to be present View Records

Species affected

Species Disease occurence Abstract
Carassius carassius Experimental demonstration Koi herpesvirus infection in experimentally infected common carp Cyprinus carpio (Linnaeus, 1758) and three potential carrier fish species Carassius carassius (Linnaeus, 1758); Rutilus rutilus (Linnaeus, 1758); and Tinca tinca (Linnaeus, 1758) by quantita
Cyprinidae spp. Experimental demonstration Validation of a KHV antibody enzyne-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)
Cyprinus carpio Experimental demonstration Epidemiological description of a new viral disease afflicting cultured Cyprinus carpio in Israel.
Cyprinus carpio Experimental demonstration Diagnostic validation of threetest methods for detection of cyprinid herpesvirus 3 (CyHV-3)
Cyprinus carpio Experimental demonstration Koi herpesvirus infection in experimentally infected common carp Cyprinus carpio (Linnaeus, 1758) and three potential carrier fish species Carassius carassius (Linnaeus, 1758); Rutilus rutilus (Linnaeus, 1758); and Tinca tinca (Linnaeus, 1758) by quantita
Cyprinus carpio Natural occurrence First report of koi herpesvirus in wild common carp in the western hemisphere.
Cyprinus carpio Natural occurrence Detection of koi herpesvirus in koi Cyprinus carpio in Taiwan.
Cyprinus carpio Natural occurrence Epidemiological description of a new viral disease afflicting cultured Cyprinus carpio in Israel.
Cyprinus carpio Natural occurrence Koi herpesvirus in wild fish.
Cyprinus carpio Natural occurrence Clinical observations of severe mortalities in koi carp, Cyprinus carpio, with gill disease.
Cyprinus carpio Unknown Genetic variability of koi herpesvirus in vitro-a natural event?
Cyprinus carpio Experimental demonstration Diagnostic validation of threetest methods for detection of cyprinid herpesvirus 3 (CyHV-3)
Cyprinus carpio Experimental demonstration Isolation and characterization of a strain of koi herpesvirus from diseased koi in Tianjin
Cyprinus carpio Natural occurrence First detection of koi herpesvirus from koi, Cyprinus carpio L. experiencing mass mortalities in Iran: clinical, histopathological and molecular study
Cyprinus carpio (koi) Experimental demonstration Epidemiological description of a new viral disease afflicting cultured Cyprinus carpio in Israel.
Cyprinus carpio (koi) Natural occurrence Isolation of a virus from koi with altered gills.
Cyprinus carpio (koi) Natural occurrence Epidemiological description of a new viral disease afflicting cultured Cyprinus carpio in Israel.
Cyprinus carpio (koi) Natural occurrence First report of newly emerging viral disease of Cyprinus carpio species in Israel.
Cyprinus carpio (koi) Natural occurrence The outbreak of koi herpesvirus (KHV) in koi (Cyprinus carpio koi) from Chiang Mai province, Thailand (Thai Source).
Gobio gobio Experimental demonstration Susceptibility of the topmouth gudgeon (Pseudorasbora parva) to CyHV-3 under no stress conditions
Rutilus rutilus Experimental demonstration Koi herpesvirus infection in experimentally infected common carp Cyprinus carpio (Linnaeus, 1758) and three potential carrier fish species Carassius carassius (Linnaeus, 1758); Rutilus rutilus (Linnaeus, 1758); and Tinca tinca (Linnaeus, 1758) by quantita
Tinca tinca Experimental demonstration Koi herpesvirus infection in experimentally infected common carp Cyprinus carpio (Linnaeus, 1758) and three potential carrier fish species Carassius carassius (Linnaeus, 1758); Rutilus rutilus (Linnaeus, 1758); and Tinca tinca (Linnaeus, 1758) by quantita
Unknown species Experimental demonstration Can water disinfection prevent the transmission of infectious koi herpesvirus to naive carp? - a case report
Unknown species Experimental demonstration An integrated microfluidic loop-mediated isothermal amplification platform for koi herpesvirus detection

Countries affected

Country Year Status View Records
Austria 2015 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Belgium 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Canada 2010 Reported in country for the first time View Records
China (Peoples Rep. of) 2018 See Publication View Records
Croatia 2016 Reported in country for the first time View Records
Czech Republic 2010 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Denmark 2012 Reported present or known to be present View Records
France 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Germany 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Hong Kong 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Hungary 2014 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Indonesia 2018 First detection in region View Records
Iran 2016 First detection in region View Records
Iraq 2019 Reported in country for the first time View Records
Ireland 2019 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Israel 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Italy 2018 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Japan 2015 Reported present in specific zones View Records
Korea, Republic of 2013 Pathogen detected, no clinical disease. View Records
Luxembourg 2008 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Malaysia 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Netherlands 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Philippines 2006 Serological evidence and/or isolation of causative agent, no clinical disease View Records
Poland 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Romania 2019 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Singapore 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Slovakia 2020 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Slovenia 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
South Africa 2020 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Spain 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Sri Lanka 2010 Suspected but not confirmed View Records
Sweden 2013 Occurrence limited to certain zones View Records
Taipei China 2013 Pathogen detected, no clinical disease. View Records
Taiwan 2011 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Thailand 2012 Occurrence limited to certain zones View Records
United Kingdom 2013 Occurrence limited to certain zones View Records
United States of America 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Vietnam 2016 Reported present or known to be present View Records

Species affected

Species Disease occurence Abstract
Carassius carassius Experimental demonstration Koi herpesvirus infection in experimentally infected common carp Cyprinus carpio (Linnaeus, 1758) and three potential carrier fish species Carassius carassius (Linnaeus, 1758); Rutilus rutilus (Linnaeus, 1758); and Tinca tinca (Linnaeus, 1758) by quantita
Cyprinidae spp. Experimental demonstration Validation of a KHV antibody enzyne-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)
Cyprinus carpio Experimental demonstration Epidemiological description of a new viral disease afflicting cultured Cyprinus carpio in Israel.
Cyprinus carpio Experimental demonstration Diagnostic validation of threetest methods for detection of cyprinid herpesvirus 3 (CyHV-3)
Cyprinus carpio Experimental demonstration Koi herpesvirus infection in experimentally infected common carp Cyprinus carpio (Linnaeus, 1758) and three potential carrier fish species Carassius carassius (Linnaeus, 1758); Rutilus rutilus (Linnaeus, 1758); and Tinca tinca (Linnaeus, 1758) by quantita
Cyprinus carpio Natural occurrence First report of koi herpesvirus in wild common carp in the western hemisphere.
Cyprinus carpio Natural occurrence Detection of koi herpesvirus in koi Cyprinus carpio in Taiwan.
Cyprinus carpio Natural occurrence Epidemiological description of a new viral disease afflicting cultured Cyprinus carpio in Israel.
Cyprinus carpio Natural occurrence Koi herpesvirus in wild fish.
Cyprinus carpio Natural occurrence Koi herpesvirus disease in the United Kingdom/Great Britain
Cyprinus carpio Natural occurrence Clinical observations of severe mortalities in koi carp, Cyprinus carpio, with gill disease.
Cyprinus carpio Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2010 (13th edition)
Cyprinus carpio Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2011 (Online)
Cyprinus carpio Natural occurrence Koi herpesvirus disease, South Africa [Immediate notification, 13/02/20]
Cyprinus carpio Natural occurrence Koi herpesvirus disease, Slovakia [Immediate notification 22/09/20]
Cyprinus carpio Unknown Koi herpesvirus disease, Croatia [immediate notification (final report) 10/06/16]
Cyprinus carpio Unknown Genetic variability of koi herpesvirus in vitro-a natural event?
Cyprinus carpio Unknown Koi herpesvirus disease, Slovakia [Immediate notification 20/08/19]
Cyprinus carpio Experimental demonstration Diagnostic validation of threetest methods for detection of cyprinid herpesvirus 3 (CyHV-3)
Cyprinus carpio Experimental demonstration Isolation and characterization of a strain of koi herpesvirus from diseased koi in Tianjin
Cyprinus carpio Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2010 (13th edition)
Cyprinus carpio Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2011 (Online)
Cyprinus carpio Natural occurrence First detection of koi herpesvirus from koi, Cyprinus carpio L. experiencing mass mortalities in Iran: clinical, histopathological and molecular study
Cyprinus carpio Natural occurrence Koi herpesvirus disease, South Africa [Immediate notification, 20/07/2020]
Cyprinus carpio Unknown Koi herpesvirus disease, Ireland [Immediate notification 21/06/16 (Final report)]
Cyprinus carpio Unknown Koi herpesvirus disease, Romania [Immediate notification 22/10/19 (Final report)]
Cyprinus carpio (koi) Experimental demonstration Epidemiological description of a new viral disease afflicting cultured Cyprinus carpio in Israel.
Cyprinus carpio (koi) Natural occurrence Isolation of a virus from koi with altered gills.
Cyprinus carpio (koi) Natural occurrence Epidemiological description of a new viral disease afflicting cultured Cyprinus carpio in Israel.
Cyprinus carpio (koi) Natural occurrence First report of newly emerging viral disease of Cyprinus carpio species in Israel.
Cyprinus carpio (koi) Natural occurrence The outbreak of koi herpesvirus (KHV) in koi (Cyprinus carpio koi) from Chiang Mai province, Thailand (Thai Source).
Cyprinus carpio goi Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2010 (13th edition)
Cyprinus carpio goi Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2011 (Online)
Gobio gobio Experimental demonstration Susceptibility of the topmouth gudgeon (Pseudorasbora parva) to CyHV-3 under no stress conditions
Rutilus rutilus Experimental demonstration Koi herpesvirus infection in experimentally infected common carp Cyprinus carpio (Linnaeus, 1758) and three potential carrier fish species Carassius carassius (Linnaeus, 1758); Rutilus rutilus (Linnaeus, 1758); and Tinca tinca (Linnaeus, 1758) by quantita
Tinca tinca Experimental demonstration Koi herpesvirus infection in experimentally infected common carp Cyprinus carpio (Linnaeus, 1758) and three potential carrier fish species Carassius carassius (Linnaeus, 1758); Rutilus rutilus (Linnaeus, 1758); and Tinca tinca (Linnaeus, 1758) by quantita
Unknown species Experimental demonstration Can water disinfection prevent the transmission of infectious koi herpesvirus to naive carp? - a case report
Unknown species Experimental demonstration An integrated microfluidic loop-mediated isothermal amplification platform for koi herpesvirus detection