Goldsinny wrasse, Ctenolabrus rupestris (L.). were experimentally and naturally infected with Aeromonas salmonicida. Goldsinny wrasse were found to be susceptible to infection with A. salmonicida but significantly more resistant to infection than Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L. The pathology of the acute infection is described. Following infection significantly higher levels of agglutinating antibody were detected in the sera of recovered wrasse than those observed in the Atlantic salmon controls. However, a large proportion of the recovered wrasse were culture positive for A. salmonicida and appeared to have entered a chronic stage of infection quite distinct from the carrier status that can develop in Atlantic salmon. This study indicates that, although goldsinny wrasse are susceptible to A. salmonicida, these fish are unlikely to become primarily infected, but contract furunculosis from infected Atlantic salmon. However, goldsinny wrasse may act as a reservoir for subsequent infections of cultivated Atlantic salmon because of the development of a chronic form of the disease. The potential for the vaccination of goldsinny wrasse against furunculosis is discussed.