Disease data

Viral Haemorrhagic Septicaemia

OIE listed diseases
Fish
Viral disease; Rhabdovirus; Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus

Summary from the online OIE Diagnostic Manual

To see details of the disease from the online Diagnostic Manual click here

Countries affected

Country Year Status View Records
Austria 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Belgium 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Bulgaria 2010 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Canada 2016 Reported in country for the first time View Records
Croatia 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Czech Republic 2012 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Denmark 2010 Occurrence limited to certain zones View Records
Estonia 2012 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Finland 2013 Occurrence limited to certain zones View Records
France 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Germany 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Iceland 2015 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Iran 2008 Suspected but not confirmed View Records
Iraq 2012 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Ireland 2007 Year of last reported occurrence View Records
Italy 2019 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Japan 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Korea, Republic of 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Kuwait 2007 Year of last reported occurrence View Records
Kyrgyzstan 2003 Year of last reported occurrence View Records
Laos 1996 Year of last reported occurrence View Records
Latvia 2007 Year of last reported occurrence View Records
Lithuania 2005 Suspected but not confirmed View Records
Luxembourg 2007 Year of last reported occurrence View Records
Netherlands 2012 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Norway 2009 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Poland 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Romania 2016 First detection in region View Records
Slovakia 2019 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Slovenia 2010 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Spain 1996 Year of last reported occurrence View Records
Sweden 2015 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Switzerland 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Turkey 2008 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Turkmenistan 2010 Reported present or known to be present View Records
UK/ Great Britain 2004 Year of last reported occurrence View Records
United Kingdom 2013 Occurrence limited to certain zones View Records
United States of America 2013 Occurrence limited to certain zones View Records

Species affected

Species Disease occurence Abstract
Anoplopoma fimbria Natural occurrence World Animal Health in 1998. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods.
Aplodinotus grunniens Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in Canada.
Aplodinotus grunniens Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in the United States of America: Follow-up report No. 1.
Argentina sphyraena Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Clupea harengus Carrier not affected World Animal Health in 1996. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods.
Clupea harengus Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Clupea harengus Unknown Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia, Canada
Clupea pallasii Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Clupea pallasii Natural occurrence World Animal Health in 1994. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods.
Clupea pallasii Natural occurrence World Animal Health in 1995. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods.
Clupea pallasii Natural occurrence World Animal Health in 1996. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods.
Clupea pallasii Natural occurrence World Animal Health in 1997. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods.
Clupea pallasii Natural occurrence World Animal Health in 1998. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods.
Clupeidae spp. Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2005 [8th edition]
Clupeidae spp. Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2010 (13th edition)
Clupeidae spp. Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2011 (Online)
Coregonidae spp. Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Coregonidae spp. Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases 2003 (4th edition).
Coregonidae spp. Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2005 [8th edition]
Coregonidae spp. Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2010 (13th edition)
Coregonidae spp. Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2011 (Online)
Dorosoma cepedianum Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in the United States of America: Follow-up report No. 1.
Esox lucius Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Esox lucius Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases 2003 (4th edition).
Esox lucius Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2005 [8th edition]
Esox lucius Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in the United States of America: Follow-up report No. 1.
Esox lucius Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2010 (13th edition)
Esox lucius Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2011 (Online)
Esox masquinongy Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in the United States of America: Follow-up report No. 1.
Gadus macrocephalus Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Gadus macrocephalus Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2005 [8th edition]
Gadus macrocephalus Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2010 (13th edition)
Gadus macrocephalus Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2011 (Online)
Gadus morhua Carrier not affected World Animal Health in 1996. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods.
Gadus morhua Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Gadus morhua Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2005 [8th edition]
Gadus morhua Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2010 (13th edition)
Gadus morhua Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2011 (Online)
Lepomis machrochirus Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in Canada.
Limanda limanda Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Melanogrammus aeglefinus Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Melanogrammus aeglefinus Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2005 [8th edition]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2010 (13th edition)
Melanogrammus aeglefinus Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2011 (Online)
Merlangius merlangus Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Micromesistius poutassou Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Micropterus dolomieui Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in Canada.
Micropterus dolomieui Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in the United States of America: Follow-up report No. 1.
Micropterus salmoides Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases 2003 (4th edition).
Morone chrysops Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in the United States of America: Follow-up report No. 1.
Morone saxatilis Natural occurrence World Animal Health in 2002. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods. Page 83 (11b).
Moxostoma anisurum Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in the United States of America: Follow-up report No. 1.
Moxostoma macrolepidotum Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in the United States of America: Follow-up report No. 1.
Neogobius melanostomus Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in the United States of America: Follow-up report No. 1.
Oncorhynchus kisutch Natural occurrence World Animal Health in 1995. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods.
Oncorhynchus mykiss Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Oncorhynchus mykiss Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases 2003 (4th edition).
Oncorhynchus mykiss Natural occurrence World Animal Health in 2002. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods. Page 143 (10).
Oncorhynchus mykiss Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2005 [8th edition]
Oncorhynchus mykiss Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia, Slovakia [Immediate notification]
Oncorhynchus mykiss Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia, Belgium. Immediate notification 2009.
Oncorhynchus mykiss Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2010 (13th edition)
Oncorhynchus mykiss Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2011 (Online)
Oncorhynchus mykiss Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia, Italy [Immediate notification 02/12/19]
Oncorhynchus spp. Carrier not affected World Animal Health in 1996. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods.
Oncorhynchus spp. Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Oncorhynchus spp. Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2005 [8th edition]
Oncorhynchus spp. Natural occurrence OIE Manual of Diagnostic Tests for Aquatic Animals (5th edition, 2006).
Oncorhynchus spp. Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2011 (Online)
Paralichthys olivaceus Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases 2003 (4th edition).
Paralichthys olivaceus Unknown OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Perca flavescens Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in the United States of America: Follow-up report No. 1.
Petromyzon marinus Natural occurrence World Animal Health in 2003. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and methods for disease control and prevention. Page 157 (11).
Platichthys flesus Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Pleuronectes platessa Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Pomoxis nigromaculatus Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in Canada.
Rhinonemus cimbrius Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Salmo salar Natural occurrence World Animal Health in 1995. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods.
Salmo salar Natural occurrence World Animal Health in 2004. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods. Page 86 - 87 (11).
Salmo salar Natural occurrence OIE Manual of Diagnostic Tests for Aquatic Animals (5th edition, 2006).
Salmo trutta Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Salmo trutta Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases 2003 (4th edition).
Salmo trutta Natural occurrence World Animal Health in 2004. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods. Page 86 - 87 (11).
Salmo trutta Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2005 [8th edition]
Salmo trutta Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2010 (13th edition)
Salmo trutta Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2011 (Online)
Sardinops sagax Natural occurrence World Animal Health in 1998. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods.
Sardinops sagax Natural occurrence World Animal Health in 2002. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods. Page 83 (11a).
Scophthalmus maximus (Psetta maxima) Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Scophthalmus maximus (Psetta maxima) Natural occurrence World Animal Health in 1994. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods.
Scophthalmus maximus (Psetta maxima) Natural occurrence World Animal Health in 1997. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods.
Scophthalmus maximus (Psetta maxima) Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases 2003 (4th edition).
Scophthalmus maximus (Psetta maxima) Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2005 [8th edition]
Scophthalmus maximus (Psetta maxima) Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2010 (13th edition)
Scophthalmus maximus (Psetta maxima) Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2011 (Online)
Sprattus( =Clupea ) sprattus Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Stizostedion vitreum Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in the United States of America: Follow-up report No. 1.
Thymallus thymallus Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Thymallus thymallus Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases 2003 (4th edition).
Thymallus thymallus Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2005 [8th edition]
Thymallus thymallus Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2010 (13th edition)
Thymallus thymallus Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2011 (Online)
Trisopterus esmarki (Gadus esmarki) Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Trisopterus minutus Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).

Countries affected

Country Year Status View Records
Belgium 1988 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Bulgaria 1988 See Publication View Records
Canada 2007 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Czech Republic 2017 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Czechoslovakia 1988 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Denmark 1988 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Finland 2017 Reported present or known to be present View Records
France 1988 See Publication View Records
Germany 1988 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Iceland 2018 Reported in country for the first time View Records
Iran 2016 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Italy 2016 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Japan 2002 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Korea, Republic of 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
North Pacific Ocean 2016 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Norway 2014 First detection in this host View Records
Poland 2001 Disease exists; distribution and occurrence unknown View Records
Sweden 1988 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Switzerland 2003 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Turkey 2006 Reported present or known to be present View Records
U.S.S.R. 1988 Reported present or known to be present View Records
United Kingdom 2017 Reported present or known to be present View Records
United States of America 2017 Reported present or known to be present View Records

Species affected

Species Disease occurence Abstract
Acanthopagrus schlegeli Experimental demonstration Susceptibility of various marine fish species to viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus isolated from Japanese flounder.
Ammodytes hexapterus Natural occurrence Epidemiology of viral hemorrhagic septicemia among juvenile Pacific herring and Pacific sand lances in Puget Sound, Washington.
Ammodytes personatus Natural occurrence Isolation of aquabirnavirus and viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV) from wild marine fishes.
Anguilla anguilla Natural occurrence The occurrence of virus infections in elvers and eels (Anguilla anguilla) in Europe with particular reference to VHSV and IHNV
Ardea cinerea Carrier not affected Transmission of some fish pathogenic viruses by the heron, Ardea cinerea .
Barbus graellsi Natural occurrence Spanish isolates and reference strains of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus show similar protein size patterns.
Clupea harengus Natural occurrence Isolation of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus from Atlantic herring Clupea harengus from the English Channel
Clupea pallasii Experimental demonstration Viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus in North America.
Clupea pallasii Experimental demonstration Factors controlling the early stages of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia epizootics: low exposure levels, virus amplification and fish-to-fish transmission.
Clupea pallasii Natural occurrence Viral hemorrhagic septicemia (VHS) of nonsalmonids
Clupea pallasii Natural occurrence Association of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus with epizootic hemorrhages of the skin in Pacific herring Clupea harengus pallasi from Prince William Sound and Kodiak Island, Alaska, USA.
Clupea pallasii Natural occurrence Epizootiology of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus in Pacific herring from the spawn-on-kelp fishery in Prince William Sound, Alaska, USA
Clupea pallasii Natural occurrence Epidemiology of viral hemorrhagic septicemia among juvenile Pacific herring and Pacific sand lances in Puget Sound, Washington.
Clupea pallasii Natural occurrence Survey of salmonid pathogens in ocean-caught fishes in British Columbia, Canada.
Clupea pallasii Natural occurrence Failure of population recovery in relation to disease in Pacific herring.
Coregonidae spp. Experimental demonstration Fish viruses: Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in white fish (Coregonus sp.).
Coregonidae spp. Natural occurrence Occurrence of VHS virus in wild white fish (Coregonus sp.).
Coregonus artedii Experimental demonstration Experimental infection studies demonstrate the high susceptibility of the salmonid, lake herring, Coregonus artedi (Le Sueur), to the Great Lakes strain of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (genotype IVb).
Coregonus lavaretus Natural occurrence Viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus in North America.
Ctenolabrus rupestris Experimental demonstration Susceptibility of goldsinny wrasse, Ctenolabrus rupestris L. (Labridae), to viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV) genotype III: Experimental challenge and pathology
Cyclopteridae (Cyclopterus spp.) Experimental demonstration Outbreak of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia (VHS) in lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus) in Iceland caused by VHS virus genotype IV
Cymatogaster aggregata Experimental demonstration Viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus in North America.
Cymatogaster aggregata Natural occurrence Host and geographic range extensions of the North American strain of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus.
Cymatogaster aggregata Natural occurrence Survey of salmonid pathogens in ocean-caught fishes in British Columbia, Canada.
Cyprinus carpio Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of koi carp with viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus type IVb.
Dicentrarchus labrax Experimental demonstration Experimental study of the susceptibility of two marine fish species, sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) and turbot (Scophthalmus maximus), to viral hemorrhagic septicaemia.
Esox lucius Experimental demonstration Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia: Susceptibility of pike (Esox lucius L.) and its epizootiological role.
Esox lucius Experimental demonstration Complete sequences of 4 viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus IVb isolates and their virulence in northern pike fry
Esox lucius Natural occurrence Isolation of VHS virus from pike fish (Esox lucius) with haemorrhagic symptoms.
Esox masquinongy Natural occurrence Isolation of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus from muskellunge, Esox masquinongy (Mitchill), in Lake St Clair, Michigan, USA reveals a new sublineage of the North American genotype.
Esox masquinongy Unknown Shedding of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (Genotype IVb) by experimentally infected muskellunge (Esox masquinongy).
Fundulus heteroclitus heteroclitus Natural occurrence Isolation of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus from mummichog, stickleback, striped bass and brown trout in eastern Canada.
Gadus macrocephalus Natural occurrence Identification of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus isolated from Pacific cod Gadus macrocephalus in Prince William Sound, Alaska, USA.
Gadus morhua Natural occurrence The ulcus syndrome in cod (Gadus morhua). III. A preliminary virological report.
Gasterosteus aculeatus Natural occurrence Survey of salmonid pathogens in ocean-caught fishes in British Columbia, Canada.
Gasterosteus aculeatus Natural occurrence Isolation of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus from mummichog, stickleback, striped bass and brown trout in eastern Canada.
Hippoglossus hippoglossus Experimental demonstration A study of the susceptibility of Atlantic halibut, Hippoglossus hippoglossus (L.), to viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus isolated from turbot, Scophthalmus maximus(L.).
Hypomesus pretiosus Natural occurrence Host and geographic range extensions of the North American strain of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus.
Lampetra fluviatilis Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV) genotype II isolated from European river lamprey Lampetra fluviatilis in Finland during surveillance from 1999 to 2008.
Melanogrammus aeglefinus Natural occurrence Isolation and identification of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia (VHS) viruses from cod Gadus morhua with the ulcus syndrome and from haddock Melanogrammus aeglefinus having skin haemorrhages in the North Sea.
Merluccius productus Natural occurrence Isolation of the North American strain of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV) associated with epizootic mortality in two new host species of Alaskan marine fish
Morone saxatilis Natural occurrence Isolation of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus from mummichog, stickleback, striped bass and brown trout in eastern Canada.
Mytilus edulis Experimental demonstration Evaluation of blue mussel Mytilus edulis as vector for viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV)
Neogobius melanostomus Natural occurrence Detection of viral hemorrhagic septicemia in round gobies in New York State (USA) waters of Lake Ontario and the St. Lawrence River.
Oncorhynchus kisutch Natural occurrence Characterization of the first north American isolates of viral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus.
Oncorhynchus kisutch Natural occurrence VHS virus isolated at Makah National Fish Hatchery.
Oncorhynchus mykiss Experimental demonstration Viral hemorrhagic septicemia.
Oncorhynchus mykiss Experimental demonstration The significance of rainbow trout brain and excretory kidney for the propagation of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia (VHS) virus.
Oncorhynchus mykiss Experimental demonstration *Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia* virus (VHSV) remains viable for several days but at low levels in the water flea Moina macrocopa
Oncorhynchus mykiss Experimental demonstration Introduction of Viral Hemorrhagic Septicemia Virus into freshwater cultured Rainbow Trout is followed by bursts of adaptive evolution
Oncorhynchus mykiss Natural occurrence Research on the virus of Egtved disease
Oncorhynchus mykiss Natural occurrence Preparation of fish tissue cultures for virus research.
Oncorhynchus mykiss Natural occurrence Viral hemorrhagic septicemia.
Oncorhynchus mykiss Natural occurrence VHS virus isolated at Makah National Fish Hatchery.
Oncorhynchus mykiss Natural occurrence Occurrence of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in rainbow trout Salmo gairdneri- Richardson reared in sea-water.
Oncorhynchus mykiss Unknown Phylogeny of the viral heamorrhagic septicemia virus in European aquaculture
Oncorhynchus mykiss ( marine ) Experimental demonstration The introduction of multi-copy CpG motifs into an antiviral DNA vaccine strongly up-regulates its immunogenicity in fish.
Oncorhynchus mykiss ( marine ) Natural occurrence Occurrence of VHS in Danish maricultured rainbow trout. (#60)
Oncorhynchus mykiss ( marine ) Natural occurrence Occurrence of VHS in Danish maricultured rainbow trout. (#628)
Oncorhynchus mykiss x Oncorhynchus kisutch Experimental demonstration Viral hemorrhagic septicemia: comparative susceptibility of rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri) and hybrids (S. gairdneri x Oncorhynchus kisutch) to experimental infection.
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Natural occurrence Characterization of the first north American isolates of viral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus.
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Natural occurrence The isolation of VHSV from chinook salmon at Glenwood Springs, Orcas island, Washington.
Paralichthydae spp. Experimental demonstration Validation of a novel one-step reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction method for detecting viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus
Paralichthys olivaceus Carrier not affected Isolation of viruses from wild Japanese flounder Paralichthys olivaceus.
Paralichthys olivaceus Experimental demonstration Isolation of viruses from wild Japanese flounder Paralichthys olivaceus.
Paralichthys olivaceus Natural occurrence Isolation of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV) from wild Japanese flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus
Paralichthys olivaceus Natural occurrence An outbreak of VHSV (viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus) infection in farmed japanese flounder Paralichthys olivaceus in Japan.
Paralichthys olivaceus Natural occurrence Isolation of aquabirnavirus and viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV) from wild marine fishes.
Paralichthys olivaceus Natural occurrence Genetically similar VHSV isolates are differentially virulent in olive flounder Paralichthys olivaceus.
Paralichthys olivaceus Experimental demonstration Phylogenetic analysis and duplex RT-PCR detection of *viral hemorrhagic septicemia* virus in olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) from Korea
Petromyzontidae Experimental demonstration Pathogenesos of experimental viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus Ivb infection in adult sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus)
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides Natural occurrence Isolation of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus from Greenland halibut Reinhardtius hippoglossoides caught at the Flemish Cap.
Salmo aguabonita Experimental demonstration Vergleichende infektionsversuche mit egtved-viren (stamm F1) bei regenbogenforellen (Salmo gairdneri) und goldforellen (Salmo aguabonita).
Salmo salar Experimental demonstration A biological study of the Egtved disease.
Salmo salar Experimental demonstration An experimental study of the susceptibility of Atlantic salmon fry, Salmo salar L., to viral haemorrhagic septicaemia.
Salmo salar Experimental demonstration Outbreak of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia (VHS) in lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus) in Iceland caused by VHS virus genotype IV
Salmo trutta Experimental demonstration A biological study of the Egtved disease.
Salmo trutta Experimental demonstration Viral hemorrhagic septicemia (VHS) of nonsalmonids
Salmo trutta Experimental demonstration Comparative susceptibilities and immune reactions of wild and cultured populations of Caspian trout Salmo trutta caspius to VHSV
Salmo trutta Experimental demonstration Comparative susceptibilities and immune reactions of wild and cultured populations of Caspian trout Salmo trutta caspius to VHSV
Salmo trutta Natural occurrence Viral hemorrhagic septicemia (VHS) of nonsalmonids
Salmo trutta Natural occurrence Epizootiological studies on viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in brown trout Salmo trutta fario.
Salmo trutta Natural occurrence Egtved virus: the susceptibility of brown trout to eight virus isolates and the significance of the findings for the VHS control.
Salmo trutta Natural occurrence Isolation of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus from mummichog, stickleback, striped bass and brown trout in eastern Canada.
Salmonids Experimental demonstration Validation of a novel one-step reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction method for detecting viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus
Salvelinus fontinalis Experimental demonstration A biological study of the Egtved disease.
Salvelinus fontinalis Natural occurrence Nogle forelobige undersogelser over regnbueorredens virussygdom (Egtved-sygen).
Salvelinus namaycush Experimental demonstration Viral hemorrhagic septicemia (VHS) of nonsalmonids
Sardinops sagax Natural occurrence Host and geographic range extensions of the North American strain of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus.
Scomber japonicus Natural occurrence Host and geographic range extensions of the North American strain of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus.
Scophthalmus maximus (Psetta maxima) Experimental demonstration Experimental study of the susceptibility of two marine fish species, sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) and turbot (Scophthalmus maximus), to viral hemorrhagic septicaemia.
Scophthalmus maximus (Psetta maxima) Experimental demonstration Experimental susceptibility of turbot Scophthalmus maximus to viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus isolated from turbot
Scophthalmus maximus (Psetta maxima) Natural occurrence Genotyping and pathogenicity of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus from free-living turbot (Psetta maxima) in a Turkish coastal area of the Black Sea.
Scophthalmus maximus (Psetta maxima) Natural occurrence Occurrence of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in turbot (Scophthalmus maximus)-a natural outbreak.
Scophthalmus maximus (Psetta maxima) Natural occurrence First isolation of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia (VHS) virus from turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) cultured in the Trabzon coastal area of the Black Sea in Turkey.
Thaleichthys pacificus Natural occurrence Host and geographic range extensions of the North American strain of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus.
Theragra chalcogramma Natural occurrence Isolation of the North American strain of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV) associated with epizootic mortality in two new host species of Alaskan marine fish
Thymallus thymallus Experimental demonstration Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia (VHS) in grayling, Thymallus thymallus L.
Thymallus thymallus Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia (VHS) in grayling, Thymallus thymallus L.
Thymallus thymallus Natural occurrence Isolierung des virus der viralen hämorrhagischen septikämie (VHS) aus Regenbogenforellen-, Hecht- und Äschenbrut.
Unknown species Unknown Infectious disease in fish: global risk of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus
Various Experimental demonstration Genetic analysis of the complete G gene of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV) genotype Ie isolates from Turkey
Various Experimental demonstration Wild fish are negligible transmitters of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV) genotype Id in the VHS restriction zone in Finland
Various Unknown Virulence of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV) genotypes Ia, IVa, IVb, and IVc in five fish species.
Various Vector Retail Baitfish in Michigan Harbor Serious Fish Viral Pathogens

Countries affected

Country Year Status View Records
Austria 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Belgium 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Bulgaria 2010 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Canada 2016 Reported in country for the first time View Records
Croatia 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Czech Republic 2017 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Czechoslovakia 1988 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Denmark 2010 Occurrence limited to certain zones View Records
Estonia 2012 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Finland 2017 Reported present or known to be present View Records
France 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Germany 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Iceland 2018 Reported in country for the first time View Records
Iran 2016 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Iraq 2012 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Ireland 2007 Year of last reported occurrence View Records
Italy 2019 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Japan 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Korea, Republic of 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Kuwait 2007 Year of last reported occurrence View Records
Kyrgyzstan 2003 Year of last reported occurrence View Records
Laos 1996 Year of last reported occurrence View Records
Latvia 2007 Year of last reported occurrence View Records
Lithuania 2005 Suspected but not confirmed View Records
Luxembourg 2007 Year of last reported occurrence View Records
Netherlands 2012 Reported present or known to be present View Records
North Pacific Ocean 2016 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Norway 2014 First detection in this host View Records
Poland 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Romania 2016 First detection in region View Records
Slovakia 2019 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Slovenia 2010 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Spain 1996 Year of last reported occurrence View Records
Sweden 2015 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Switzerland 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Turkey 2008 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Turkmenistan 2010 Reported present or known to be present View Records
U.S.S.R. 1988 Reported present or known to be present View Records
UK/ Great Britain 2004 Year of last reported occurrence View Records
United Kingdom 2017 Reported present or known to be present View Records
United States of America 2017 Reported present or known to be present View Records

Species affected

Species Disease occurence Abstract
Acanthopagrus schlegeli Experimental demonstration Susceptibility of various marine fish species to viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus isolated from Japanese flounder.
Ammodytes hexapterus Natural occurrence Epidemiology of viral hemorrhagic septicemia among juvenile Pacific herring and Pacific sand lances in Puget Sound, Washington.
Ammodytes personatus Natural occurrence Isolation of aquabirnavirus and viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV) from wild marine fishes.
Anguilla anguilla Natural occurrence The occurrence of virus infections in elvers and eels (Anguilla anguilla) in Europe with particular reference to VHSV and IHNV
Anoplopoma fimbria Natural occurrence World Animal Health in 1998. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods.
Aplodinotus grunniens Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in Canada.
Aplodinotus grunniens Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in the United States of America: Follow-up report No. 1.
Ardea cinerea Carrier not affected Transmission of some fish pathogenic viruses by the heron, Ardea cinerea .
Argentina sphyraena Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Barbus graellsi Natural occurrence Spanish isolates and reference strains of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus show similar protein size patterns.
Clupea harengus Carrier not affected World Animal Health in 1996. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods.
Clupea harengus Natural occurrence Isolation of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus from Atlantic herring Clupea harengus from the English Channel
Clupea harengus Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Clupea harengus Unknown Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia, Canada
Clupea pallasii Experimental demonstration Viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus in North America.
Clupea pallasii Experimental demonstration Factors controlling the early stages of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia epizootics: low exposure levels, virus amplification and fish-to-fish transmission.
Clupea pallasii Natural occurrence Viral hemorrhagic septicemia (VHS) of nonsalmonids
Clupea pallasii Natural occurrence Association of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus with epizootic hemorrhages of the skin in Pacific herring Clupea harengus pallasi from Prince William Sound and Kodiak Island, Alaska, USA.
Clupea pallasii Natural occurrence Epizootiology of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus in Pacific herring from the spawn-on-kelp fishery in Prince William Sound, Alaska, USA
Clupea pallasii Natural occurrence Epidemiology of viral hemorrhagic septicemia among juvenile Pacific herring and Pacific sand lances in Puget Sound, Washington.
Clupea pallasii Natural occurrence Survey of salmonid pathogens in ocean-caught fishes in British Columbia, Canada.
Clupea pallasii Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Clupea pallasii Natural occurrence World Animal Health in 1994. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods.
Clupea pallasii Natural occurrence World Animal Health in 1995. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods.
Clupea pallasii Natural occurrence World Animal Health in 1996. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods.
Clupea pallasii Natural occurrence World Animal Health in 1997. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods.
Clupea pallasii Natural occurrence World Animal Health in 1998. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods.
Clupea pallasii Natural occurrence Failure of population recovery in relation to disease in Pacific herring.
Clupeidae spp. Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2005 [8th edition]
Clupeidae spp. Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2010 (13th edition)
Clupeidae spp. Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2011 (Online)
Coregonidae spp. Experimental demonstration Fish viruses: Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in white fish (Coregonus sp.).
Coregonidae spp. Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Coregonidae spp. Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases 2003 (4th edition).
Coregonidae spp. Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2005 [8th edition]
Coregonidae spp. Natural occurrence Occurrence of VHS virus in wild white fish (Coregonus sp.).
Coregonidae spp. Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2010 (13th edition)
Coregonidae spp. Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2011 (Online)
Coregonus artedii Experimental demonstration Experimental infection studies demonstrate the high susceptibility of the salmonid, lake herring, Coregonus artedi (Le Sueur), to the Great Lakes strain of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (genotype IVb).
Coregonus lavaretus Natural occurrence Viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus in North America.
Ctenolabrus rupestris Experimental demonstration Susceptibility of goldsinny wrasse, Ctenolabrus rupestris L. (Labridae), to viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV) genotype III: Experimental challenge and pathology
Cyclopteridae (Cyclopterus spp.) Experimental demonstration Outbreak of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia (VHS) in lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus) in Iceland caused by VHS virus genotype IV
Cymatogaster aggregata Experimental demonstration Viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus in North America.
Cymatogaster aggregata Natural occurrence Host and geographic range extensions of the North American strain of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus.
Cymatogaster aggregata Natural occurrence Survey of salmonid pathogens in ocean-caught fishes in British Columbia, Canada.
Cyprinus carpio Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of koi carp with viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus type IVb.
Dicentrarchus labrax Experimental demonstration Experimental study of the susceptibility of two marine fish species, sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) and turbot (Scophthalmus maximus), to viral hemorrhagic septicaemia.
Dorosoma cepedianum Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in the United States of America: Follow-up report No. 1.
Esox lucius Experimental demonstration Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia: Susceptibility of pike (Esox lucius L.) and its epizootiological role.
Esox lucius Experimental demonstration Complete sequences of 4 viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus IVb isolates and their virulence in northern pike fry
Esox lucius Natural occurrence Isolation of VHS virus from pike fish (Esox lucius) with haemorrhagic symptoms.
Esox lucius Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Esox lucius Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases 2003 (4th edition).
Esox lucius Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2005 [8th edition]
Esox lucius Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in the United States of America: Follow-up report No. 1.
Esox lucius Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2010 (13th edition)
Esox lucius Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2011 (Online)
Esox masquinongy Natural occurrence Isolation of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus from muskellunge, Esox masquinongy (Mitchill), in Lake St Clair, Michigan, USA reveals a new sublineage of the North American genotype.
Esox masquinongy Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in the United States of America: Follow-up report No. 1.
Esox masquinongy Unknown Shedding of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (Genotype IVb) by experimentally infected muskellunge (Esox masquinongy).
Fundulus heteroclitus heteroclitus Natural occurrence Isolation of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus from mummichog, stickleback, striped bass and brown trout in eastern Canada.
Gadus macrocephalus Natural occurrence Identification of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus isolated from Pacific cod Gadus macrocephalus in Prince William Sound, Alaska, USA.
Gadus macrocephalus Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Gadus macrocephalus Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2005 [8th edition]
Gadus macrocephalus Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2010 (13th edition)
Gadus macrocephalus Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2011 (Online)
Gadus morhua Carrier not affected World Animal Health in 1996. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods.
Gadus morhua Natural occurrence The ulcus syndrome in cod (Gadus morhua). III. A preliminary virological report.
Gadus morhua Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Gadus morhua Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2005 [8th edition]
Gadus morhua Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2010 (13th edition)
Gadus morhua Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2011 (Online)
Gasterosteus aculeatus Natural occurrence Survey of salmonid pathogens in ocean-caught fishes in British Columbia, Canada.
Gasterosteus aculeatus Natural occurrence Isolation of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus from mummichog, stickleback, striped bass and brown trout in eastern Canada.
Hippoglossus hippoglossus Experimental demonstration A study of the susceptibility of Atlantic halibut, Hippoglossus hippoglossus (L.), to viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus isolated from turbot, Scophthalmus maximus(L.).
Hypomesus pretiosus Natural occurrence Host and geographic range extensions of the North American strain of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus.
Lampetra fluviatilis Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV) genotype II isolated from European river lamprey Lampetra fluviatilis in Finland during surveillance from 1999 to 2008.
Lepomis machrochirus Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in Canada.
Limanda limanda Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Melanogrammus aeglefinus Natural occurrence Isolation and identification of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia (VHS) viruses from cod Gadus morhua with the ulcus syndrome and from haddock Melanogrammus aeglefinus having skin haemorrhages in the North Sea.
Melanogrammus aeglefinus Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Melanogrammus aeglefinus Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2005 [8th edition]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2010 (13th edition)
Melanogrammus aeglefinus Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2011 (Online)
Merlangius merlangus Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Merluccius productus Natural occurrence Isolation of the North American strain of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV) associated with epizootic mortality in two new host species of Alaskan marine fish
Micromesistius poutassou Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Micropterus dolomieui Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in Canada.
Micropterus dolomieui Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in the United States of America: Follow-up report No. 1.
Micropterus salmoides Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases 2003 (4th edition).
Morone chrysops Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in the United States of America: Follow-up report No. 1.
Morone saxatilis Natural occurrence Isolation of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus from mummichog, stickleback, striped bass and brown trout in eastern Canada.
Morone saxatilis Natural occurrence World Animal Health in 2002. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods. Page 83 (11b).
Moxostoma anisurum Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in the United States of America: Follow-up report No. 1.
Moxostoma macrolepidotum Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in the United States of America: Follow-up report No. 1.
Mytilus edulis Experimental demonstration Evaluation of blue mussel Mytilus edulis as vector for viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV)
Neogobius melanostomus Natural occurrence Detection of viral hemorrhagic septicemia in round gobies in New York State (USA) waters of Lake Ontario and the St. Lawrence River.
Neogobius melanostomus Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in the United States of America: Follow-up report No. 1.
Oncorhynchus kisutch Natural occurrence Characterization of the first north American isolates of viral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus.
Oncorhynchus kisutch Natural occurrence VHS virus isolated at Makah National Fish Hatchery.
Oncorhynchus kisutch Natural occurrence World Animal Health in 1995. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods.
Oncorhynchus mykiss Experimental demonstration Viral hemorrhagic septicemia.
Oncorhynchus mykiss Experimental demonstration The significance of rainbow trout brain and excretory kidney for the propagation of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia (VHS) virus.
Oncorhynchus mykiss Experimental demonstration *Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia* virus (VHSV) remains viable for several days but at low levels in the water flea Moina macrocopa
Oncorhynchus mykiss Experimental demonstration Introduction of Viral Hemorrhagic Septicemia Virus into freshwater cultured Rainbow Trout is followed by bursts of adaptive evolution
Oncorhynchus mykiss Natural occurrence Research on the virus of Egtved disease
Oncorhynchus mykiss Natural occurrence Preparation of fish tissue cultures for virus research.
Oncorhynchus mykiss Natural occurrence Viral hemorrhagic septicemia.
Oncorhynchus mykiss Natural occurrence VHS virus isolated at Makah National Fish Hatchery.
Oncorhynchus mykiss Natural occurrence Occurrence of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in rainbow trout Salmo gairdneri- Richardson reared in sea-water.
Oncorhynchus mykiss Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Oncorhynchus mykiss Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases 2003 (4th edition).
Oncorhynchus mykiss Natural occurrence World Animal Health in 2002. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods. Page 143 (10).
Oncorhynchus mykiss Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2005 [8th edition]
Oncorhynchus mykiss Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia, Slovakia [Immediate notification]
Oncorhynchus mykiss Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia, Belgium. Immediate notification 2009.
Oncorhynchus mykiss Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2010 (13th edition)
Oncorhynchus mykiss Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2011 (Online)
Oncorhynchus mykiss Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia, Italy [Immediate notification 02/12/19]
Oncorhynchus mykiss Unknown Phylogeny of the viral heamorrhagic septicemia virus in European aquaculture
Oncorhynchus mykiss ( marine ) Experimental demonstration The introduction of multi-copy CpG motifs into an antiviral DNA vaccine strongly up-regulates its immunogenicity in fish.
Oncorhynchus mykiss ( marine ) Natural occurrence Occurrence of VHS in Danish maricultured rainbow trout. (#60)
Oncorhynchus mykiss ( marine ) Natural occurrence Occurrence of VHS in Danish maricultured rainbow trout. (#628)
Oncorhynchus mykiss x Oncorhynchus kisutch Experimental demonstration Viral hemorrhagic septicemia: comparative susceptibility of rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri) and hybrids (S. gairdneri x Oncorhynchus kisutch) to experimental infection.
Oncorhynchus spp. Carrier not affected World Animal Health in 1996. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods.
Oncorhynchus spp. Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Oncorhynchus spp. Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2005 [8th edition]
Oncorhynchus spp. Natural occurrence OIE Manual of Diagnostic Tests for Aquatic Animals (5th edition, 2006).
Oncorhynchus spp. Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2011 (Online)
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Natural occurrence Characterization of the first north American isolates of viral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus.
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Natural occurrence The isolation of VHSV from chinook salmon at Glenwood Springs, Orcas island, Washington.
Paralichthydae spp. Experimental demonstration Validation of a novel one-step reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction method for detecting viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus
Paralichthys olivaceus Carrier not affected Isolation of viruses from wild Japanese flounder Paralichthys olivaceus.
Paralichthys olivaceus Experimental demonstration Isolation of viruses from wild Japanese flounder Paralichthys olivaceus.
Paralichthys olivaceus Natural occurrence Isolation of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV) from wild Japanese flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus
Paralichthys olivaceus Natural occurrence An outbreak of VHSV (viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus) infection in farmed japanese flounder Paralichthys olivaceus in Japan.
Paralichthys olivaceus Natural occurrence Isolation of aquabirnavirus and viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV) from wild marine fishes.
Paralichthys olivaceus Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases 2003 (4th edition).
Paralichthys olivaceus Natural occurrence Genetically similar VHSV isolates are differentially virulent in olive flounder Paralichthys olivaceus.
Paralichthys olivaceus Unknown OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Paralichthys olivaceus Experimental demonstration Phylogenetic analysis and duplex RT-PCR detection of *viral hemorrhagic septicemia* virus in olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) from Korea
Perca flavescens Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in the United States of America: Follow-up report No. 1.
Petromyzon marinus Natural occurrence World Animal Health in 2003. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and methods for disease control and prevention. Page 157 (11).
Petromyzontidae Experimental demonstration Pathogenesos of experimental viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus Ivb infection in adult sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus)
Platichthys flesus Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Pleuronectes platessa Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Pomoxis nigromaculatus Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in Canada.
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides Natural occurrence Isolation of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus from Greenland halibut Reinhardtius hippoglossoides caught at the Flemish Cap.
Rhinonemus cimbrius Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Salmo aguabonita Experimental demonstration Vergleichende infektionsversuche mit egtved-viren (stamm F1) bei regenbogenforellen (Salmo gairdneri) und goldforellen (Salmo aguabonita).
Salmo salar Experimental demonstration A biological study of the Egtved disease.
Salmo salar Experimental demonstration An experimental study of the susceptibility of Atlantic salmon fry, Salmo salar L., to viral haemorrhagic septicaemia.
Salmo salar Experimental demonstration Outbreak of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia (VHS) in lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus) in Iceland caused by VHS virus genotype IV
Salmo salar Natural occurrence World Animal Health in 1995. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods.
Salmo salar Natural occurrence World Animal Health in 2004. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods. Page 86 - 87 (11).
Salmo salar Natural occurrence OIE Manual of Diagnostic Tests for Aquatic Animals (5th edition, 2006).
Salmo trutta Experimental demonstration A biological study of the Egtved disease.
Salmo trutta Experimental demonstration Viral hemorrhagic septicemia (VHS) of nonsalmonids
Salmo trutta Experimental demonstration Comparative susceptibilities and immune reactions of wild and cultured populations of Caspian trout Salmo trutta caspius to VHSV
Salmo trutta Experimental demonstration Comparative susceptibilities and immune reactions of wild and cultured populations of Caspian trout Salmo trutta caspius to VHSV
Salmo trutta Natural occurrence Viral hemorrhagic septicemia (VHS) of nonsalmonids
Salmo trutta Natural occurrence Epizootiological studies on viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in brown trout Salmo trutta fario.
Salmo trutta Natural occurrence Egtved virus: the susceptibility of brown trout to eight virus isolates and the significance of the findings for the VHS control.
Salmo trutta Natural occurrence Isolation of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus from mummichog, stickleback, striped bass and brown trout in eastern Canada.
Salmo trutta Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Salmo trutta Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases 2003 (4th edition).
Salmo trutta Natural occurrence World Animal Health in 2004. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods. Page 86 - 87 (11).
Salmo trutta Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2005 [8th edition]
Salmo trutta Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2010 (13th edition)
Salmo trutta Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2011 (Online)
Salmonids Experimental demonstration Validation of a novel one-step reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction method for detecting viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus
Salvelinus fontinalis Experimental demonstration A biological study of the Egtved disease.
Salvelinus fontinalis Natural occurrence Nogle forelobige undersogelser over regnbueorredens virussygdom (Egtved-sygen).
Salvelinus namaycush Experimental demonstration Viral hemorrhagic septicemia (VHS) of nonsalmonids
Sardinops sagax Natural occurrence Host and geographic range extensions of the North American strain of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus.
Sardinops sagax Natural occurrence World Animal Health in 1998. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods.
Sardinops sagax Natural occurrence World Animal Health in 2002. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods. Page 83 (11a).
Scomber japonicus Natural occurrence Host and geographic range extensions of the North American strain of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus.
Scophthalmus maximus (Psetta maxima) Experimental demonstration Experimental study of the susceptibility of two marine fish species, sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) and turbot (Scophthalmus maximus), to viral hemorrhagic septicaemia.
Scophthalmus maximus (Psetta maxima) Experimental demonstration Experimental susceptibility of turbot Scophthalmus maximus to viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus isolated from turbot
Scophthalmus maximus (Psetta maxima) Natural occurrence Genotyping and pathogenicity of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus from free-living turbot (Psetta maxima) in a Turkish coastal area of the Black Sea.
Scophthalmus maximus (Psetta maxima) Natural occurrence Occurrence of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in turbot (Scophthalmus maximus)-a natural outbreak.
Scophthalmus maximus (Psetta maxima) Natural occurrence First isolation of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia (VHS) virus from turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) cultured in the Trabzon coastal area of the Black Sea in Turkey.
Scophthalmus maximus (Psetta maxima) Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Scophthalmus maximus (Psetta maxima) Natural occurrence World Animal Health in 1994. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods.
Scophthalmus maximus (Psetta maxima) Natural occurrence World Animal Health in 1997. Part 1. Reports on the animal health status and disease control methods.
Scophthalmus maximus (Psetta maxima) Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases 2003 (4th edition).
Scophthalmus maximus (Psetta maxima) Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2005 [8th edition]
Scophthalmus maximus (Psetta maxima) Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2010 (13th edition)
Scophthalmus maximus (Psetta maxima) Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2011 (Online)
Sprattus( =Clupea ) sprattus Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Stizostedion vitreum Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia in the United States of America: Follow-up report No. 1.
Thaleichthys pacificus Natural occurrence Host and geographic range extensions of the North American strain of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus.
Theragra chalcogramma Natural occurrence Isolation of the North American strain of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV) associated with epizootic mortality in two new host species of Alaskan marine fish
Thymallus thymallus Experimental demonstration Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia (VHS) in grayling, Thymallus thymallus L.
Thymallus thymallus Natural occurrence Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia (VHS) in grayling, Thymallus thymallus L.
Thymallus thymallus Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Thymallus thymallus Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases 2003 (4th edition).
Thymallus thymallus Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2005 [8th edition]
Thymallus thymallus Natural occurrence Isolierung des virus der viralen hämorrhagischen septikämie (VHS) aus Regenbogenforellen-, Hecht- und Äschenbrut.
Thymallus thymallus Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2010 (13th edition)
Thymallus thymallus Natural occurrence OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2011 (Online)
Trisopterus esmarki (Gadus esmarki) Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Trisopterus minutus Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Unknown species Unknown Infectious disease in fish: global risk of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus
Various Experimental demonstration Genetic analysis of the complete G gene of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV) genotype Ie isolates from Turkey
Various Experimental demonstration Wild fish are negligible transmitters of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV) genotype Id in the VHS restriction zone in Finland
Various Unknown Virulence of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV) genotypes Ia, IVa, IVb, and IVc in five fish species.
Various Vector Retail Baitfish in Michigan Harbor Serious Fish Viral Pathogens