Disease data

White Spot Disease

OIE listed diseases
Crustaceans
  • White Spot Syndrome
Viral disease; Nimavirus; White spot syndrome virus

Summary from the online OIE Diagnostic Manual

To see details of the disease from the online OIE Diagnostic Manual, please click here

Countries affected

Country Year Status View Records
Australia 2020 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Bangladesh 2012 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Brazil 2013 Occurrence limited to certain zones View Records
Brunei Darussalam 2013 Suspected but not confirmed View Records
China (Peoples Rep. of) 2013 Occurrence limited to certain zones View Records
Colombia 2005 Serological evidence and/or isolation of causative agent, no clinical disease View Records
Costa Rica 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Ecuador 2013 Occurrence limited to certain zones View Records
El Salvador 2005 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Honduras 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Hong Kong 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
India 2013 Occurrence limited to certain zones View Records
Indonesia 2013 Occurrence limited to certain zones View Records
Iran 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Japan 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Korea, Republic of 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Madagascar 2013 Occurrence limited to certain zones View Records
Malaysia 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Mexico 2013 Occurrence limited to certain zones View Records
Mozambique 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Myanmar (Burma) 2012 Occurrence limited to certain zones View Records
Nicaragua 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Panama 2005 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Peru 2013 Suspected but not confirmed View Records
Philippines 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Saudi Arabia 2013 Occurrence limited to certain zones View Records
Singapore 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Sri Lanka 2013 Occurrence limited to certain zones View Records
Taipei China 2010 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Taipei China 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Taiwan 1996 Reported positive year View Records
Thailand 2013 Occurrence limited to certain zones View Records
United States of America 2013 Suspected but not confirmed View Records
Vietnam 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records

Species affected

Species Disease occurence Abstract
Metapenaeus ensis Natural occurrence White spot disease, Australia [Immediate notification 21/04/20]
Penaeus esculentus Natural occurrence White spot disease, Australia [Immediate notification 21/04/20]
Penaeus japonicus Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases 2003 (4th edition).
Penaeus monodon Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Penaeus monodon Natural occurrence White spot disease, Australia [Immediate notification 21/04/20]
Penaeus spp. Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Penaeus vannamei Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Penaeus vannamei Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases 2003 (4th edition).
Procambarus clarkii Natural occurrence White spot disease, United States of America.
Sesarma spp. Natural occurrence White spot disease, Australia [Immediate notification 21/04/20]

Countries affected

Country Year Status View Records
Argentina 2010 Reported in country for the first time View Records
Australia 2018 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Bangladesh 2018 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Brazil 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
China (Peoples Rep. of) 1995 Year of first reported occurrence View Records
India 2017 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Iran 2011 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Japan 2003 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Korea, Republic of 1999 Disease exists; distribution and occurrence unknown View Records
Mexico 2017 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Philippines 2007 Pathogen detected, no clinical disease. View Records
Saudi Arabia 2012 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Thailand 2018 Reported present or known to be present View Records
United States of America 2004 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Venezuela 2011 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Vietnam 2001 Pathogen detected, no clinical disease. View Records

Species affected

Species Disease occurence Abstract
Acetes sp. Experimental demonstration Experimental transmission of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) from black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon to the sand crab Portunus pelagicus, mud crab Scylla serrata and krill Acetes sp.
Alpheus brevicristatus Natural occurrence Detection of penaeid rod-shaped DNA virus (PRDV) in wild-caught shrimp and other crustaceans.
Alpheus lobidens Natural occurrence Detection of penaeid rod-shaped DNA virus (PRDV) in wild-caught shrimp and other crustaceans.
Astacus astacus Experimental demonstration Effect of water temperature on the immune response and infectivity pattern of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in freshwater crayfish.
Astacus leptodactylus Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of European crustaceans with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV).
Calappa lophos Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of white spot baculovirus in some cultured and wild decapods in Taiwan.
Cancer pagurus Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of European crustaceans with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV).
Charybdis anulata Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of twenty species of Indian marine crabs with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV).
Charybdis anulata Natural occurrence Detection of new hosts for white spot syndrome virus of shrimp using nested polymerase chain reaction.
Charybdis cruciata Natural occurrence Detection of new hosts for white spot syndrome virus of shrimp using nested polymerase chain reaction.
Charybdis feriata Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of white spot baculovirus in some cultured and wild decapods in Taiwan.
Charybdis granulata Experimental demonstration Detection of white spot syndrome associated baculovirus in experimentally infected wild shrimp, crab and lobsters by in situ hybridization.
Charybdis granulata Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of white spot baculovirus in some cultured and wild decapods in Taiwan.
Charybdis japonica Natural occurrence Detection of penaeid rod-shaped DNA virus (PRDV) in wild-caught shrimp and other crustaceans.
Charybdis lucifera Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of twenty species of Indian marine crabs with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV).
Cherax albidus Experimental demonstration Susceptibility of the Australian freshwater crayfish Cherax destructor albidus to white spot syndrome virus (WSSV).
Exopalaemon orientalis Experimental demonstration Detection of white spot syndrome associated baculovirus in experimentally infected wild shrimp, crab and lobsters by in situ hybridization.
Exopalaemon orientalis Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of white spot baculovirus in some cultured and wild decapods in Taiwan.
Exopalaemon orientalis Natural occurrence White spot syndrome associated virus (WSBV) detected in cultured and captured shrimp, crabs and other arthropods.
Gelasimus marionis nitidus Natural occurrence Detection of new hosts for white spot syndrome virus of shrimp using nested polymerase chain reaction.
Gelasimus marionis nitidus Natural occurrence Occurrence of pathogenic shrimp viruses in selected wild crab species of Sunderban, India
Helice tridens Natural occurrence White spot syndrome associated virus (WSBV) detected in cultured and captured shrimp, crabs and other arthropods.
Helice tridens Natural occurrence Detection of penaeid rod-shaped DNA virus (PRDV) in wild-caught shrimp and other crustaceans.
Hemigrapsus sanguineus Natural occurrence Detection of penaeid rod-shaped DNA virus (PRDV) in wild-caught shrimp and other crustaceans.
Liocarcinus depurator Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of European crustaceans with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV).
Liocarcinus puber Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of European crustaceans with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV).
Lithodes maja Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of twenty species of Indian marine crabs with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV).
Macrobrachium rosenbergii Experimental demonstration Detection of white spot baculovirus (WSBV) in giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii, using polymerase chain reaction.
Macrobrachium rosenbergii Experimental demonstration Experimental host range and histopathology of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in shrimp, prawns, crabs and lobsters from India.
Macrobrachium rosenbergii Natural occurrence Detection of new hosts for white spot syndrome virus of shrimp using nested polymerase chain reaction.
Macrobrachium rosenbergii Natural occurrence Detection of white spot baculovirus (WSBV) in giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii, using polymerase chain reaction.
Macrobrachium rosenbergii Natural occurrence White spot syndrome associated virus (WSBV) detected in cultured and captured shrimp, crabs and other arthropods.
Macrobrachium rosenbergii Natural occurrence Detection of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in wild captured shrimp and in non-cultured crustaceans from shrimp ponds in Bangladesh by polymerase chain reaction.
Macrobrachium spp. Experimental demonstration Detection of white spot syndrome associated baculovirus in experimentally infected wild shrimp, crab and lobsters by in situ hybridization.
Macrobrachium spp. Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of white spot baculovirus in some cultured and wild decapods in Taiwan.
Macrophthalmus sulcatus Natural occurrence Detection of new hosts for white spot syndrome virus of shrimp using nested polymerase chain reaction.
Metapenaeus brevicornis Natural occurrence Detection of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in wild captured shrimp and in non-cultured crustaceans from shrimp ponds in Bangladesh by polymerase chain reaction.
Metapenaeus dobsoni Experimental demonstration Experimental host range and histopathology of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in shrimp, prawns, crabs and lobsters from India.
Metapenaeus dobsoni Natural occurrence Detection of new hosts for white spot syndrome virus of shrimp using nested polymerase chain reaction.
Metapenaeus ensis Experimental demonstration Detection of white spot syndrome associated baculovirus in experimentally infected wild shrimp, crab and lobsters by in situ hybridization.
Metapenaeus ensis Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of white spot baculovirus in some cultured and wild decapods in Taiwan.
Metapenaeus ensis Natural occurrence White spot syndrome associated virus (WSBV) detected in cultured and captured shrimp, crabs and other arthropods.
Metapenaeus ensis Natural occurrence Detection of white spot disease virus infection in wild-caught greasy back shrimp, Metapenaeus ensis (de Haan) in Taiwan.
Metapenaeus lysianassa Natural occurrence Presence of the two viral pathogens WSSV and MBV in three wild shrimp species (Penaeus indicus, Metapenaeus ensis and Metapenaeus lysianassa) cultured in the mangrove forest of Ca Mau Province
Metapenaeus monoceros Experimental demonstration Experimental host range and histopathology of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in shrimp, prawns, crabs and lobsters from India.
Metapenaeus monoceros Natural occurrence Detection of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in wild captured shrimp and in non-cultured crustaceans from shrimp ponds in Bangladesh by polymerase chain reaction.
Metapograpsus sp. Experimental demonstration Experimental host range and histopathology of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in shrimp, prawns, crabs and lobsters from India.
Metopograpsus messor Natural occurrence Detection of new hosts for white spot syndrome virus of shrimp using nested polymerase chain reaction.
Ocypode stimpsoni Natural occurrence Detection of penaeid rod-shaped DNA virus (PRDV) in wild-caught shrimp and other crustaceans.
Orconectes limosus Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of European crustaceans with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV).
Pacifastacus leniusculus Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of white spot syndrome virus in freshwater crayfish Pacifasticus leniusculus.
Pacifastacus leniusculus Experimental demonstration Effect of water temperature on the immune response and infectivity pattern of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in freshwater crayfish.
Palaemon adspersus Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of European crustaceans with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV).
Palaemon serrifer Natural occurrence Detection of penaeid rod-shaped DNA virus (PRDV) in wild-caught shrimp and other crustaceans.
Palaemon styliferus Natural occurrence Detection of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in wild captured shrimp and in non-cultured crustaceans from shrimp ponds in Bangladesh by polymerase chain reaction.
Panulirus homarus Experimental demonstration Experimental host range and histopathology of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in shrimp, prawns, crabs and lobsters from India.
Panulirus longipes Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of white spot baculovirus in some cultured and wild decapods in Taiwan.
Panulirus ornatus Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of white spot baculovirus in some cultured and wild decapods in Taiwan.
Panulirus ornatus Experimental demonstration Experimental host range and histopathology of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in shrimp, prawns, crabs and lobsters from India.
Panulirus penicillatus Experimental demonstration Detection of white spot syndrome associated baculovirus in experimentally infected wild shrimp, crab and lobsters by in situ hybridization.
Panulirus penicillatus Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of white spot baculovirus in some cultured and wild decapods in Taiwan.
Panulirus polyphagus Experimental demonstration Experimental host range and histopathology of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in shrimp, prawns, crabs and lobsters from India.
Panulirus versicolor Experimental demonstration Detection of white spot syndrome associated baculovirus in experimentally infected wild shrimp, crab and lobsters by in situ hybridization.
Panulirus versicolor Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of white spot baculovirus in some cultured and wild decapods in Taiwan.
Parapenaeopsis stylifera Natural occurrence Detection of new hosts for white spot syndrome virus of shrimp using nested polymerase chain reaction.
Parathelphusa hydrodomous Experimental demonstration White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in two species of freshwater crabs (Parathelphusa hydrodomous and P. pulvinata)
Parathelphusa pulvinata Experimental demonstration White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in two species of freshwater crabs (Parathelphusa hydrodomous and P. pulvinata)
Penaeus aztecus Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of Western Hemisphere penaeid shrimp with Asian white spot syndrome virus and Asian yellow head virus.
Penaeus aztecus Natural occurrence Sampling and evaluation of white spot syndrome virus in commercially important Atlantic penaeid shrimp stocks.
Penaeus chinensis Natural occurrence DNA fragment of Penaeus monodon baculovirus PmNOBII gives positive in situ hybridization with viral infections in 6 penaeid shrimp species.
Penaeus chinensis Natural occurrence An infectious viral disease of penaeid shrimp newly found in Korea.
Penaeus chinensis Natural occurrence White spot syndrome virus infection of cultured shrimp in China.
Penaeus duorarum Experimental demonstration Per os challenge of Litopenaeus vannamei postlarvae and Farfantepenaeus duorarum juveniles with six geographic isolates of white spot syndrome virus.
Penaeus duorarum Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of Western Hemisphere penaeid shrimp with Asian white spot syndrome virus and Asian yellow head virus.
Penaeus indicus Experimental demonstration Evidence of a bacilliform virus causing outbreaks of whitespot disease in Penaeus monodon H. Milne Edwards in India.
Penaeus indicus Natural occurrence DNA fragment of Penaeus monodon baculovirus PmNOBII gives positive in situ hybridization with viral infections in 6 penaeid shrimp species.
Penaeus indicus Natural occurrence Disease problems affecting cultured penaeid shrimp in India.
Penaeus indicus Natural occurrence Detection of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in wild captured shrimp and in non-cultured crustaceans from shrimp ponds in Bangladesh by polymerase chain reaction.
Penaeus japonicus Natural occurrence DNA fragment of Penaeus monodon baculovirus PmNOBII gives positive in situ hybridization with viral infections in 6 penaeid shrimp species.
Penaeus japonicus Natural occurrence Pathogenicity of a baculovirus infection causing white spot syndrome in cultured penaeid shrimp in Taiwan.
Penaeus japonicus Natural occurrence White spot syndrome associated virus (WSBV) detected in cultured and captured shrimp, crabs and other arthropods.
Penaeus japonicus Natural occurrence Diagnostic techniques of the rod-shaped nuclear virus infection in the kuruma shrimp, Penaeus japonicus.
Penaeus japonicus Natural occurrence Mass mortalities of cultured kuruma shrimp Penaeus japonicus in Japan in 1993: electron microscopic evidence of the causative virus.
Penaeus japonicus Natural occurrence Mass mortalities of cultured kuruma shrimp, Penaeus japonicus, in Japan in 1993: epizootiological survey and infection trials.
Penaeus japonicus Natural occurrence Mass mortalities of cultured kuruma shrimp, Penaeus japonicus, in Japan in 1993: histopathological study.
Penaeus japonicus Natural occurrence The penaeid rod-shaped DNA virus (PRDV), which causes penaeid acute viremia (PAV).
Penaeus japonicus Natural occurrence White spot syndrome virus infection of cultured shrimp in China.
Penaeus japonicus Natural occurrence Development of a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) procedure for the detection of baculovirus associated with white spot syndrome (WSBV) in penaeid shrimp.
Penaeus japonicus Natural occurrence Light and electron microscopic evidence of white spot disease in the giant tiger shrimp. Penaeus monodon (Fabricius), and the kuruma shrimp, Penaeus japonicus (Bate), cultured in Taiwan.
Penaeus merguensis Natural occurrence DNA fragment of Penaeus monodon baculovirus PmNOBII gives positive in situ hybridization with viral infections in 6 penaeid shrimp species.
Penaeus monodon Natural occurrence Histopathological and bacteriological study of white spot syndrome of Penaeus monodon along the west coast of India.
Penaeus monodon Natural occurrence A non-occluded, systemic baculovirus that occurs in cells of ectodermal and mesodermal origin and causes high mortality in the black tiger prawn Penaeus monodon.
Penaeus monodon Natural occurrence Pathogenicity of a baculovirus infection causing white spot syndrome in cultured penaeid shrimp in Taiwan.
Penaeus monodon Natural occurrence White spot syndrome associated virus (WSBV) detected in cultured and captured shrimp, crabs and other arthropods.
Penaeus monodon Natural occurrence White spot syndrome virus infection of cultured shrimp in China.
Penaeus monodon Natural occurrence Light and electron microscopic evidence of white spot disease in the giant tiger shrimp. Penaeus monodon (Fabricius), and the kuruma shrimp, Penaeus japonicus (Bate), cultured in Taiwan.
Penaeus monodon Natural occurrence Special topic review: Major viral diseases of the black tiger prawn (Penaeus monodon) in Thailand.
Penaeus monodon Unknown White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) prevalence associated with disease resistance among wild populations of black tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon (Fabricius).
Penaeus penicillatus Natural occurrence Pathogenicity of a baculovirus infection causing white spot syndrome in cultured penaeid shrimp in Taiwan.
Penaeus penicillatus Natural occurrence White spot syndrome associated virus (WSBV) detected in cultured and captured shrimp, crabs and other arthropods.
Penaeus semisulcatus Carrier not affected Experimental infection of white spot baculovirus in some cultured and wild decapods in Taiwan.
Penaeus semisulcatus Experimental demonstration Experimental host range and histopathology of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in shrimp, prawns, crabs and lobsters from India.
Penaeus semisulcatus Natural occurrence White spot syndrome associated virus (WSBV) detected in cultured and captured shrimp, crabs and other arthropods.
Penaeus semisulcatus Natural occurrence Detection of penaeid rod-shaped DNA virus (PRDV) in wild-caught shrimp and other crustaceans.
Penaeus semisulcatus Natural occurrence Detection of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in wild captured shrimp and in non-cultured crustaceans from shrimp ponds in Bangladesh by polymerase chain reaction.
Penaeus setiferus Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of Western Hemisphere penaeid shrimp with Asian white spot syndrome virus and Asian yellow head virus.
Penaeus setiferus Natural occurrence Sampling and evaluation of white spot syndrome virus in commercially important Atlantic penaeid shrimp stocks.
Penaeus stylirostris Experimental demonstration Infection of white-spot baculovirus-like virus (WSBV) in two species of penaeid shrimp Penaeus stylirostris (Stimpson) and P. vannamei (Boone).
Penaeus vannamei Experimental demonstration Per os challenge of Litopenaeus vannamei postlarvae and Farfantepenaeus duorarum juveniles with six geographic isolates of white spot syndrome virus.
Penaeus vannamei Experimental demonstration Infection of white-spot baculovirus-like virus (WSBV) in two species of penaeid shrimp Penaeus stylirostris (Stimpson) and P. vannamei (Boone).
Penaeus vannamei Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of Western Hemisphere penaeid shrimp with Asian white spot syndrome virus and Asian yellow head virus.
Penaeus vannamei Experimental demonstration Genetic variation of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei (Boone 1931) culture of Thailand
Penaeus vannamei Natural occurrence DNA fragment of Penaeus monodon baculovirus PmNOBII gives positive in situ hybridization with viral infections in 6 penaeid shrimp species.
Penaeus vannamei Natural occurrence Incidence of simultaneous infection of infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis virus (IHHNV) and white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in Litopenaeus vannamei
Petrolisthes japonicus Natural occurrence Detection of penaeid rod-shaped DNA virus (PRDV) in wild-caught shrimp and other crustaceans.
Podophthalmus vigil Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of twenty species of Indian marine crabs with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV).
Portunus pelagicus Experimental demonstration Experimental transmission of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) from black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon to the sand crab Portunus pelagicus, mud crab Scylla serrata and krill Acetes sp.
Portunus pelagicus Natural occurrence White spot syndrome associated virus (WSBV) detected in cultured and captured shrimp, crabs and other arthropods.
Portunus sanguinolentus Experimental demonstration Detection of white spot syndrome associated baculovirus in experimentally infected wild shrimp, crab and lobsters by in situ hybridization.
Portunus sanguinolentus Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of white spot baculovirus in some cultured and wild decapods in Taiwan.
Portunus sanguinolentus Natural occurrence White spot syndrome associated virus (WSBV) detected in cultured and captured shrimp, crabs and other arthropods.
Portunus trituberculatus Natural occurrence Detection of penaeid rod-shaped DNA virus (PRDV) in wild-caught shrimp and other crustaceans.
Procambarus clarkii Experimental demonstration Detection of white spot syndrome associated baculovirus in experimentally infected wild shrimp, crab and lobsters by in situ hybridization.
Procambarus clarkii Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of white spot baculovirus in some cultured and wild decapods in Taiwan.
Procambarus clarkii Experimental demonstration Histopathological study and PCR detection of white spot syndrome virus from infected Procambarus clarkii
Pseudograpsus intermedius Natural occurrence Detection of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in wild captured shrimp and in non-cultured crustaceans from shrimp ponds in Bangladesh by polymerase chain reaction.
Scylla serrata Experimental demonstration Experimental transmission of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) from black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon to the sand crab Portunus pelagicus, mud crab Scylla serrata and krill Acetes sp.
Scylla serrata Experimental demonstration Experimental transmission of white-spot syndrome virus (WSSV) from crab to shrimp Penaeus monodon.
Scylla serrata Experimental demonstration Experimental host range and histopathology of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in shrimp, prawns, crabs and lobsters from India.
Scylla serrata Natural occurrence White spot syndrome associated virus (WSBV) detected in cultured and captured shrimp, crabs and other arthropods.
Scylla serrata Natural occurrence Detection of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in wild captured shrimp and in non-cultured crustaceans from shrimp ponds in Bangladesh by polymerase chain reaction.
Scylla tranquebarica Experimental demonstration Experimental host range and histopathology of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in shrimp, prawns, crabs and lobsters from India.
Scyllarus arctus Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of European crustaceans with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV).
Sesarma reticulatum Natural occurrence Occurrence of pathogenic shrimp viruses in selected wild crab species of Sunderban, India
Sesarma spp. Experimental demonstration Experimental transmission of white-spot syndrome virus (WSSV) from crab to shrimp Penaeus monodon.
Sesarma spp. Experimental demonstration Experimental host range and histopathology of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in shrimp, prawns, crabs and lobsters from India.
Solenocera indica Natural occurrence Detection of new hosts for white spot syndrome virus of shrimp using nested polymerase chain reaction.
Squilla mantis Natural occurrence Detection of new hosts for white spot syndrome virus of shrimp using nested polymerase chain reaction.
Trachypenaeus curvirostris Experimental demonstration Detection of white spot syndrome associated baculovirus in experimentally infected wild shrimp, crab and lobsters by in situ hybridization.
Trachypenaeus curvirostris Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of white spot baculovirus in some cultured and wild decapods in Taiwan.
Trachypenaeus curvirostris Natural occurrence Detection of white spot syndrome virus from small penaeid shrimp species caught in the Western Seto Inland Sea.
Uca pugilator Experimental demonstration Experimental transmission of white-spot syndrome virus (WSSV) from crab to shrimp Penaeus monodon.
Upogebia major Natural occurrence Detection of penaeid rod-shaped DNA virus (PRDV) in wild-caught shrimp and other crustaceans.
Various Experimental demonstration Susceptibility to infection and pathogenicity of white spot disease (WSD) in non-model crustacean host taxa from temperate regions.

Countries affected

Country Year Status View Records
Argentina 2010 Reported in country for the first time View Records
Australia 2020 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Bangladesh 2018 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Brazil 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Brunei Darussalam 2013 Suspected but not confirmed View Records
China (Peoples Rep. of) 2013 Occurrence limited to certain zones View Records
Colombia 2005 Serological evidence and/or isolation of causative agent, no clinical disease View Records
Costa Rica 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Ecuador 2013 Occurrence limited to certain zones View Records
El Salvador 2005 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Honduras 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Hong Kong 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
India 2017 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Indonesia 2013 Occurrence limited to certain zones View Records
Iran 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Japan 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Korea, Republic of 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Madagascar 2013 Occurrence limited to certain zones View Records
Malaysia 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Mexico 2017 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Mozambique 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Myanmar (Burma) 2012 Occurrence limited to certain zones View Records
Nicaragua 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Panama 2005 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Peru 2013 Suspected but not confirmed View Records
Philippines 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Saudi Arabia 2013 Occurrence limited to certain zones View Records
Singapore 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Sri Lanka 2013 Occurrence limited to certain zones View Records
Taipei China 2010 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Taipei China 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Taiwan 1996 Reported positive year View Records
Thailand 2018 Reported present or known to be present View Records
United States of America 2013 Suspected but not confirmed View Records
Venezuela 2011 Reported present or known to be present View Records
Vietnam 2013 Reported present or known to be present View Records

Species affected

Species Disease occurence Abstract
Acetes sp. Experimental demonstration Experimental transmission of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) from black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon to the sand crab Portunus pelagicus, mud crab Scylla serrata and krill Acetes sp.
Alpheus brevicristatus Natural occurrence Detection of penaeid rod-shaped DNA virus (PRDV) in wild-caught shrimp and other crustaceans.
Alpheus lobidens Natural occurrence Detection of penaeid rod-shaped DNA virus (PRDV) in wild-caught shrimp and other crustaceans.
Astacus astacus Experimental demonstration Effect of water temperature on the immune response and infectivity pattern of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in freshwater crayfish.
Astacus leptodactylus Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of European crustaceans with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV).
Calappa lophos Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of white spot baculovirus in some cultured and wild decapods in Taiwan.
Cancer pagurus Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of European crustaceans with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV).
Charybdis anulata Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of twenty species of Indian marine crabs with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV).
Charybdis anulata Natural occurrence Detection of new hosts for white spot syndrome virus of shrimp using nested polymerase chain reaction.
Charybdis cruciata Natural occurrence Detection of new hosts for white spot syndrome virus of shrimp using nested polymerase chain reaction.
Charybdis feriata Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of white spot baculovirus in some cultured and wild decapods in Taiwan.
Charybdis granulata Experimental demonstration Detection of white spot syndrome associated baculovirus in experimentally infected wild shrimp, crab and lobsters by in situ hybridization.
Charybdis granulata Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of white spot baculovirus in some cultured and wild decapods in Taiwan.
Charybdis japonica Natural occurrence Detection of penaeid rod-shaped DNA virus (PRDV) in wild-caught shrimp and other crustaceans.
Charybdis lucifera Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of twenty species of Indian marine crabs with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV).
Cherax albidus Experimental demonstration Susceptibility of the Australian freshwater crayfish Cherax destructor albidus to white spot syndrome virus (WSSV).
Exopalaemon orientalis Experimental demonstration Detection of white spot syndrome associated baculovirus in experimentally infected wild shrimp, crab and lobsters by in situ hybridization.
Exopalaemon orientalis Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of white spot baculovirus in some cultured and wild decapods in Taiwan.
Exopalaemon orientalis Natural occurrence White spot syndrome associated virus (WSBV) detected in cultured and captured shrimp, crabs and other arthropods.
Gelasimus marionis nitidus Natural occurrence Detection of new hosts for white spot syndrome virus of shrimp using nested polymerase chain reaction.
Gelasimus marionis nitidus Natural occurrence Occurrence of pathogenic shrimp viruses in selected wild crab species of Sunderban, India
Helice tridens Natural occurrence White spot syndrome associated virus (WSBV) detected in cultured and captured shrimp, crabs and other arthropods.
Helice tridens Natural occurrence Detection of penaeid rod-shaped DNA virus (PRDV) in wild-caught shrimp and other crustaceans.
Hemigrapsus sanguineus Natural occurrence Detection of penaeid rod-shaped DNA virus (PRDV) in wild-caught shrimp and other crustaceans.
Liocarcinus depurator Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of European crustaceans with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV).
Liocarcinus puber Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of European crustaceans with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV).
Lithodes maja Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of twenty species of Indian marine crabs with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV).
Macrobrachium rosenbergii Experimental demonstration Detection of white spot baculovirus (WSBV) in giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii, using polymerase chain reaction.
Macrobrachium rosenbergii Experimental demonstration Experimental host range and histopathology of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in shrimp, prawns, crabs and lobsters from India.
Macrobrachium rosenbergii Natural occurrence Detection of new hosts for white spot syndrome virus of shrimp using nested polymerase chain reaction.
Macrobrachium rosenbergii Natural occurrence Detection of white spot baculovirus (WSBV) in giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii, using polymerase chain reaction.
Macrobrachium rosenbergii Natural occurrence White spot syndrome associated virus (WSBV) detected in cultured and captured shrimp, crabs and other arthropods.
Macrobrachium rosenbergii Natural occurrence Detection of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in wild captured shrimp and in non-cultured crustaceans from shrimp ponds in Bangladesh by polymerase chain reaction.
Macrobrachium spp. Experimental demonstration Detection of white spot syndrome associated baculovirus in experimentally infected wild shrimp, crab and lobsters by in situ hybridization.
Macrobrachium spp. Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of white spot baculovirus in some cultured and wild decapods in Taiwan.
Macrophthalmus sulcatus Natural occurrence Detection of new hosts for white spot syndrome virus of shrimp using nested polymerase chain reaction.
Metapenaeus brevicornis Natural occurrence Detection of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in wild captured shrimp and in non-cultured crustaceans from shrimp ponds in Bangladesh by polymerase chain reaction.
Metapenaeus dobsoni Experimental demonstration Experimental host range and histopathology of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in shrimp, prawns, crabs and lobsters from India.
Metapenaeus dobsoni Natural occurrence Detection of new hosts for white spot syndrome virus of shrimp using nested polymerase chain reaction.
Metapenaeus ensis Experimental demonstration Detection of white spot syndrome associated baculovirus in experimentally infected wild shrimp, crab and lobsters by in situ hybridization.
Metapenaeus ensis Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of white spot baculovirus in some cultured and wild decapods in Taiwan.
Metapenaeus ensis Natural occurrence White spot syndrome associated virus (WSBV) detected in cultured and captured shrimp, crabs and other arthropods.
Metapenaeus ensis Natural occurrence Detection of white spot disease virus infection in wild-caught greasy back shrimp, Metapenaeus ensis (de Haan) in Taiwan.
Metapenaeus ensis Natural occurrence White spot disease, Australia [Immediate notification 21/04/20]
Metapenaeus lysianassa Natural occurrence Presence of the two viral pathogens WSSV and MBV in three wild shrimp species (Penaeus indicus, Metapenaeus ensis and Metapenaeus lysianassa) cultured in the mangrove forest of Ca Mau Province
Metapenaeus monoceros Experimental demonstration Experimental host range and histopathology of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in shrimp, prawns, crabs and lobsters from India.
Metapenaeus monoceros Natural occurrence Detection of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in wild captured shrimp and in non-cultured crustaceans from shrimp ponds in Bangladesh by polymerase chain reaction.
Metapograpsus sp. Experimental demonstration Experimental host range and histopathology of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in shrimp, prawns, crabs and lobsters from India.
Metopograpsus messor Natural occurrence Detection of new hosts for white spot syndrome virus of shrimp using nested polymerase chain reaction.
Ocypode stimpsoni Natural occurrence Detection of penaeid rod-shaped DNA virus (PRDV) in wild-caught shrimp and other crustaceans.
Orconectes limosus Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of European crustaceans with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV).
Pacifastacus leniusculus Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of white spot syndrome virus in freshwater crayfish Pacifasticus leniusculus.
Pacifastacus leniusculus Experimental demonstration Effect of water temperature on the immune response and infectivity pattern of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in freshwater crayfish.
Palaemon adspersus Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of European crustaceans with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV).
Palaemon serrifer Natural occurrence Detection of penaeid rod-shaped DNA virus (PRDV) in wild-caught shrimp and other crustaceans.
Palaemon styliferus Natural occurrence Detection of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in wild captured shrimp and in non-cultured crustaceans from shrimp ponds in Bangladesh by polymerase chain reaction.
Panulirus homarus Experimental demonstration Experimental host range and histopathology of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in shrimp, prawns, crabs and lobsters from India.
Panulirus longipes Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of white spot baculovirus in some cultured and wild decapods in Taiwan.
Panulirus ornatus Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of white spot baculovirus in some cultured and wild decapods in Taiwan.
Panulirus ornatus Experimental demonstration Experimental host range and histopathology of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in shrimp, prawns, crabs and lobsters from India.
Panulirus penicillatus Experimental demonstration Detection of white spot syndrome associated baculovirus in experimentally infected wild shrimp, crab and lobsters by in situ hybridization.
Panulirus penicillatus Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of white spot baculovirus in some cultured and wild decapods in Taiwan.
Panulirus polyphagus Experimental demonstration Experimental host range and histopathology of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in shrimp, prawns, crabs and lobsters from India.
Panulirus versicolor Experimental demonstration Detection of white spot syndrome associated baculovirus in experimentally infected wild shrimp, crab and lobsters by in situ hybridization.
Panulirus versicolor Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of white spot baculovirus in some cultured and wild decapods in Taiwan.
Parapenaeopsis stylifera Natural occurrence Detection of new hosts for white spot syndrome virus of shrimp using nested polymerase chain reaction.
Parathelphusa hydrodomous Experimental demonstration White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in two species of freshwater crabs (Parathelphusa hydrodomous and P. pulvinata)
Parathelphusa pulvinata Experimental demonstration White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in two species of freshwater crabs (Parathelphusa hydrodomous and P. pulvinata)
Penaeus aztecus Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of Western Hemisphere penaeid shrimp with Asian white spot syndrome virus and Asian yellow head virus.
Penaeus aztecus Natural occurrence Sampling and evaluation of white spot syndrome virus in commercially important Atlantic penaeid shrimp stocks.
Penaeus chinensis Natural occurrence DNA fragment of Penaeus monodon baculovirus PmNOBII gives positive in situ hybridization with viral infections in 6 penaeid shrimp species.
Penaeus chinensis Natural occurrence An infectious viral disease of penaeid shrimp newly found in Korea.
Penaeus chinensis Natural occurrence White spot syndrome virus infection of cultured shrimp in China.
Penaeus duorarum Experimental demonstration Per os challenge of Litopenaeus vannamei postlarvae and Farfantepenaeus duorarum juveniles with six geographic isolates of white spot syndrome virus.
Penaeus duorarum Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of Western Hemisphere penaeid shrimp with Asian white spot syndrome virus and Asian yellow head virus.
Penaeus esculentus Natural occurrence White spot disease, Australia [Immediate notification 21/04/20]
Penaeus indicus Experimental demonstration Evidence of a bacilliform virus causing outbreaks of whitespot disease in Penaeus monodon H. Milne Edwards in India.
Penaeus indicus Natural occurrence DNA fragment of Penaeus monodon baculovirus PmNOBII gives positive in situ hybridization with viral infections in 6 penaeid shrimp species.
Penaeus indicus Natural occurrence Disease problems affecting cultured penaeid shrimp in India.
Penaeus indicus Natural occurrence Detection of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in wild captured shrimp and in non-cultured crustaceans from shrimp ponds in Bangladesh by polymerase chain reaction.
Penaeus japonicus Natural occurrence DNA fragment of Penaeus monodon baculovirus PmNOBII gives positive in situ hybridization with viral infections in 6 penaeid shrimp species.
Penaeus japonicus Natural occurrence Pathogenicity of a baculovirus infection causing white spot syndrome in cultured penaeid shrimp in Taiwan.
Penaeus japonicus Natural occurrence White spot syndrome associated virus (WSBV) detected in cultured and captured shrimp, crabs and other arthropods.
Penaeus japonicus Natural occurrence Diagnostic techniques of the rod-shaped nuclear virus infection in the kuruma shrimp, Penaeus japonicus.
Penaeus japonicus Natural occurrence Mass mortalities of cultured kuruma shrimp Penaeus japonicus in Japan in 1993: electron microscopic evidence of the causative virus.
Penaeus japonicus Natural occurrence Mass mortalities of cultured kuruma shrimp, Penaeus japonicus, in Japan in 1993: epizootiological survey and infection trials.
Penaeus japonicus Natural occurrence Mass mortalities of cultured kuruma shrimp, Penaeus japonicus, in Japan in 1993: histopathological study.
Penaeus japonicus Natural occurrence The penaeid rod-shaped DNA virus (PRDV), which causes penaeid acute viremia (PAV).
Penaeus japonicus Natural occurrence White spot syndrome virus infection of cultured shrimp in China.
Penaeus japonicus Natural occurrence Development of a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) procedure for the detection of baculovirus associated with white spot syndrome (WSBV) in penaeid shrimp.
Penaeus japonicus Natural occurrence Light and electron microscopic evidence of white spot disease in the giant tiger shrimp. Penaeus monodon (Fabricius), and the kuruma shrimp, Penaeus japonicus (Bate), cultured in Taiwan.
Penaeus japonicus Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases 2003 (4th edition).
Penaeus merguensis Natural occurrence DNA fragment of Penaeus monodon baculovirus PmNOBII gives positive in situ hybridization with viral infections in 6 penaeid shrimp species.
Penaeus monodon Natural occurrence Histopathological and bacteriological study of white spot syndrome of Penaeus monodon along the west coast of India.
Penaeus monodon Natural occurrence A non-occluded, systemic baculovirus that occurs in cells of ectodermal and mesodermal origin and causes high mortality in the black tiger prawn Penaeus monodon.
Penaeus monodon Natural occurrence Pathogenicity of a baculovirus infection causing white spot syndrome in cultured penaeid shrimp in Taiwan.
Penaeus monodon Natural occurrence White spot syndrome associated virus (WSBV) detected in cultured and captured shrimp, crabs and other arthropods.
Penaeus monodon Natural occurrence White spot syndrome virus infection of cultured shrimp in China.
Penaeus monodon Natural occurrence Light and electron microscopic evidence of white spot disease in the giant tiger shrimp. Penaeus monodon (Fabricius), and the kuruma shrimp, Penaeus japonicus (Bate), cultured in Taiwan.
Penaeus monodon Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Penaeus monodon Natural occurrence Special topic review: Major viral diseases of the black tiger prawn (Penaeus monodon) in Thailand.
Penaeus monodon Natural occurrence White spot disease, Australia [Immediate notification 21/04/20]
Penaeus monodon Unknown White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) prevalence associated with disease resistance among wild populations of black tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon (Fabricius).
Penaeus penicillatus Natural occurrence Pathogenicity of a baculovirus infection causing white spot syndrome in cultured penaeid shrimp in Taiwan.
Penaeus penicillatus Natural occurrence White spot syndrome associated virus (WSBV) detected in cultured and captured shrimp, crabs and other arthropods.
Penaeus semisulcatus Carrier not affected Experimental infection of white spot baculovirus in some cultured and wild decapods in Taiwan.
Penaeus semisulcatus Experimental demonstration Experimental host range and histopathology of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in shrimp, prawns, crabs and lobsters from India.
Penaeus semisulcatus Natural occurrence White spot syndrome associated virus (WSBV) detected in cultured and captured shrimp, crabs and other arthropods.
Penaeus semisulcatus Natural occurrence Detection of penaeid rod-shaped DNA virus (PRDV) in wild-caught shrimp and other crustaceans.
Penaeus semisulcatus Natural occurrence Detection of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in wild captured shrimp and in non-cultured crustaceans from shrimp ponds in Bangladesh by polymerase chain reaction.
Penaeus setiferus Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of Western Hemisphere penaeid shrimp with Asian white spot syndrome virus and Asian yellow head virus.
Penaeus setiferus Natural occurrence Sampling and evaluation of white spot syndrome virus in commercially important Atlantic penaeid shrimp stocks.
Penaeus spp. Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Penaeus stylirostris Experimental demonstration Infection of white-spot baculovirus-like virus (WSBV) in two species of penaeid shrimp Penaeus stylirostris (Stimpson) and P. vannamei (Boone).
Penaeus vannamei Experimental demonstration Per os challenge of Litopenaeus vannamei postlarvae and Farfantepenaeus duorarum juveniles with six geographic isolates of white spot syndrome virus.
Penaeus vannamei Experimental demonstration Infection of white-spot baculovirus-like virus (WSBV) in two species of penaeid shrimp Penaeus stylirostris (Stimpson) and P. vannamei (Boone).
Penaeus vannamei Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of Western Hemisphere penaeid shrimp with Asian white spot syndrome virus and Asian yellow head virus.
Penaeus vannamei Experimental demonstration Genetic variation of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei (Boone 1931) culture of Thailand
Penaeus vannamei Natural occurrence DNA fragment of Penaeus monodon baculovirus PmNOBII gives positive in situ hybridization with viral infections in 6 penaeid shrimp species.
Penaeus vannamei Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases (3rd edition).
Penaeus vannamei Natural occurrence OIE Diagnostic Manual for Aquatic Animal Diseases 2003 (4th edition).
Penaeus vannamei Natural occurrence Incidence of simultaneous infection of infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis virus (IHHNV) and white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in Litopenaeus vannamei
Petrolisthes japonicus Natural occurrence Detection of penaeid rod-shaped DNA virus (PRDV) in wild-caught shrimp and other crustaceans.
Podophthalmus vigil Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of twenty species of Indian marine crabs with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV).
Portunus pelagicus Experimental demonstration Experimental transmission of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) from black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon to the sand crab Portunus pelagicus, mud crab Scylla serrata and krill Acetes sp.
Portunus pelagicus Natural occurrence White spot syndrome associated virus (WSBV) detected in cultured and captured shrimp, crabs and other arthropods.
Portunus sanguinolentus Experimental demonstration Detection of white spot syndrome associated baculovirus in experimentally infected wild shrimp, crab and lobsters by in situ hybridization.
Portunus sanguinolentus Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of white spot baculovirus in some cultured and wild decapods in Taiwan.
Portunus sanguinolentus Natural occurrence White spot syndrome associated virus (WSBV) detected in cultured and captured shrimp, crabs and other arthropods.
Portunus trituberculatus Natural occurrence Detection of penaeid rod-shaped DNA virus (PRDV) in wild-caught shrimp and other crustaceans.
Procambarus clarkii Experimental demonstration Detection of white spot syndrome associated baculovirus in experimentally infected wild shrimp, crab and lobsters by in situ hybridization.
Procambarus clarkii Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of white spot baculovirus in some cultured and wild decapods in Taiwan.
Procambarus clarkii Experimental demonstration Histopathological study and PCR detection of white spot syndrome virus from infected Procambarus clarkii
Procambarus clarkii Natural occurrence White spot disease, United States of America.
Pseudograpsus intermedius Natural occurrence Detection of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in wild captured shrimp and in non-cultured crustaceans from shrimp ponds in Bangladesh by polymerase chain reaction.
Scylla serrata Experimental demonstration Experimental transmission of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) from black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon to the sand crab Portunus pelagicus, mud crab Scylla serrata and krill Acetes sp.
Scylla serrata Experimental demonstration Experimental transmission of white-spot syndrome virus (WSSV) from crab to shrimp Penaeus monodon.
Scylla serrata Experimental demonstration Experimental host range and histopathology of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in shrimp, prawns, crabs and lobsters from India.
Scylla serrata Natural occurrence White spot syndrome associated virus (WSBV) detected in cultured and captured shrimp, crabs and other arthropods.
Scylla serrata Natural occurrence Detection of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in wild captured shrimp and in non-cultured crustaceans from shrimp ponds in Bangladesh by polymerase chain reaction.
Scylla tranquebarica Experimental demonstration Experimental host range and histopathology of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in shrimp, prawns, crabs and lobsters from India.
Scyllarus arctus Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of European crustaceans with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV).
Sesarma reticulatum Natural occurrence Occurrence of pathogenic shrimp viruses in selected wild crab species of Sunderban, India
Sesarma spp. Experimental demonstration Experimental transmission of white-spot syndrome virus (WSSV) from crab to shrimp Penaeus monodon.
Sesarma spp. Experimental demonstration Experimental host range and histopathology of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in shrimp, prawns, crabs and lobsters from India.
Sesarma spp. Natural occurrence White spot disease, Australia [Immediate notification 21/04/20]
Solenocera indica Natural occurrence Detection of new hosts for white spot syndrome virus of shrimp using nested polymerase chain reaction.
Squilla mantis Natural occurrence Detection of new hosts for white spot syndrome virus of shrimp using nested polymerase chain reaction.
Trachypenaeus curvirostris Experimental demonstration Detection of white spot syndrome associated baculovirus in experimentally infected wild shrimp, crab and lobsters by in situ hybridization.
Trachypenaeus curvirostris Experimental demonstration Experimental infection of white spot baculovirus in some cultured and wild decapods in Taiwan.
Trachypenaeus curvirostris Natural occurrence Detection of white spot syndrome virus from small penaeid shrimp species caught in the Western Seto Inland Sea.
Uca pugilator Experimental demonstration Experimental transmission of white-spot syndrome virus (WSSV) from crab to shrimp Penaeus monodon.
Upogebia major Natural occurrence Detection of penaeid rod-shaped DNA virus (PRDV) in wild-caught shrimp and other crustaceans.
Various Experimental demonstration Susceptibility to infection and pathogenicity of white spot disease (WSD) in non-model crustacean host taxa from temperate regions.